|People (and cat!) enjoy the warmth of a tile stove in this painting|
from 1867 by German artist Albert Anker.
|This seat in the Alice’s collection (which also |
converts to a table) would protect the sitter from drafts.
|Brass bed warmer|
Foot warmers kept extremities warm and could be used while traveling in a carriage or in unheated spaces like churches. Foot warmers were generally made of wood and metal, and like bed warmers, they were filled with embers from the fireplace. A long skirt or robe also helped to trap heat from the foot stove and warm the lower body. Similar devices—along with hot bricks, stones, or even potatoes—were used to warm the hands. In the nineteenth century, ceramic hot water bottles and foot warmers became more common. Using hot water instead of coals was also much safer!
|Early 19th-century foot stove|
|Stoneware “pig” foot warmer|